How to make solar panels
Everyday the sun generates enough energy to supply the country with power for one and a half years. That being said, we humans have a heavy reliance on fossil fuels. The amount of sun energy the earth receives in one minute is more than the world uses fossil fuels in a year. At the moment solar power equipment costs much more than its fossil fuel counterparts. That is why we have put together this article on how to make solar panels, so that you can make use of the technology rather than having to spend hundreds or even thousands of dollars setting up solar energy.
How to construct solar panels
We are now going to make a solar panel that sits on the roof of your home. There are a number of different types of solar panels and you can make them all in the back of your garage or workshop pretty easily.
To begin with it is essential that you keep the heat in and the cold out with solar panels. The easiest way to do this is by using glazing on the sun-facing side of the panels and thermal insulation on the other side. It is also important to eliminate thermal bridges as much as you can too.
If you want to find out how to make solar panels you need to make sure that you have a clear working space and make sure you buy all the materials before you get started.
Items you will need include garden shears, tap water, safety glasses, copper sheet and an electric drill.
Solar panels are easy to make if you have some time and patience. Cut the copper sheet into two squares using some garden shears ñ these need to fit the hotplate on your oven. Turn your stovetop on and cook the copper until it turns black. Let the copper cool down completely before removing any of the loose charcoal that has formed on the sheet. Follow this process again with the second piece of copper. Then balance both sheets on a container of sorts with some alligator clips and some twine. Combine three tablespoons of salt with hot water and brush on to the panels. Let both panels cool down in the sun and then you are done creating your very own solar panels.
Many people often ask the question how to make solar panels but what they are really asking is how to make solar absorbers because solar collectors are actually the technology used to heat water for use in your household. To make solar collectors you need to first make the absorber, to make the absorber you cut out a large rectangle or square made out of copper or aluminum. You need to then make the tube or coil that the water runs through. The plate design is the next important thing for you to do ñ that is the outside protection (border) to the solar collector. Next make sure that you cover the collector with either glass or plastic to protect the system from the wind and rain.
We hope this article has proved helpful to you in answering the question how to make solar panels. Just remember that when you are making solar panels or even solar collectors that you keep children away from the materials and the chemicals.
Household Hazardous Waste Disposal
Colorado residents can participate in local household hazardous waste disposal programs. To participate in these programs, you must be able to prove that you are a resident of the county or city hosting the program. The following local government agencies have such programs:
Adams County, Arapahoe County, and Douglas County
Residents in these three counties are served by Tri-County Health Department, (303) 220-9200. You can also call the Hazardous Waste Specialist, Commerce City Tri-County Health Office, (303) 761-1340.
Adams County has a permanent oil recycling program facility. Household hazardous waste events are held annually. Call (303) 287-5249 for information. Further, each city in Adams County has household hazardous waste roundup events. Call the Public Works office of the city you live in.
Arapahoe County – Greenwood Village residents can solid waste collection service includes pickup of some household hazardous wastes. Call (303) 708-6154 for further details.
Arapahoe County – Englewood conducts an annual collection program at the Englewood Service Center. Call (303) 762-2348 for more information.
Arapahoe County – Aurora hosts a one-day household hazardous waste program each year. Call (303) 739-7250 for more information.
Douglas County hosts a one-day household hazardous waste disposal program each year. It is conducted for residents of Castle Rock, Castle Pines Village, Castle Pines North, and Silver Heights. Call (303) 688-8330 for more information.
No formal program at this time. More information may be found by calling (303) 621-3179.
Boulder County Household Hazardous Waste Program accepts reservations to drop off waste. To make a reservation, call (303) 441-3930. The program also maintains a hotline telephone number: (303) 441-4800. Visit them on their website at http://www.boco.co.gov/hhw.html.
Denver County Solid Waste Division does not conduct a household hazardous waste disposal program. However, it does have a recycling program that can be contacted by calling (303) 640-1675. Visit the Denver Recycles Household Chemical Recycling Directory here at http://www.colorado-recycles.org/guide.htm.
El Paso and Teller Counties
The Household Chemical Waste Collection Program for El Paso and Teller Counties collects waste two times each year at Penrose Stadium and annually at a satellite location. It also has an emergency drop-off facility for residents who are moving out of town. Call (719) 575-8450 for more information.
The Jefferson County Household Chemical Collection Center is open Saturday from 8:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. Call (303) 584-4646 for a reservation to drop off waste.
Westminster collects waste oil and antifreeze. For information, call (303) 430-2400.
Larimer County Household Hazardous Waste Collection Facility collects waste at the Larimer County Landfill. The hours of operation are Tuesday, Thursday, Friday, and the third Saturday of the month and from 9″00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. and by appointment. Call (970) 498-5760 for more information. Visit us at http://184.108.40.206/depts/pubwor/natres/Haz.htm
Park County Environmental Health Department does not conduct a household hazardous waste program. For inquiries about environmental related services, call 980-1836 Ext. 265 from the Denver area.
Information regarding household waste disposal may be obtained by calling the Weld County Department of Health Services at (970) 353-0586.
U.S. Electric power plants contribute to greenhouse gases and other air pollutants. Saving electric power directly reduces these pollutants and saves you money as well.
In 1995, the U.S. produced 2,995 billion kilowatt hours of electricity from the following sources:
Coal: 1,653 billion KWH
Nuclear: 673 billion KWH
Gas: 307 billion KWH
Hydroelectric: 296 billion KWH
Petroleum: 61 billion KWH
Geothermal: 4.7 billion KWH
Biomass: 1.6 billion KWH
Wind: .01 billion KWH
Photovoltaic: .004 billion KWH
In 1995 electricity production emitted 1,968 million tons of carbon dioxide. The average household used its electricity in the following ways:
Air conditioning: 14%
Space heating: 12%
Water heating: 10%
Lights: 10 %
Clothes dryer: 5%
Demand-side management refers to saving electricity at the end point of use – in customers’ homes. Although changes in the electric industry, toward more competition, may affect demand-side management programs, many electric utilities are offering ideas and incentives to save energy. Below are links to sites with electric savings help.
Trace the Energy Dollar. Gulf Power provides a chart and lists power usage for household appliances.
Southern California Edison providces many ideas for saving electricity throughout the home.
It costs more to operate an electric hot water heater than a gas one. Consider replacing an old electric one with a gas Hot Water Heater.
When buying a computer for home, be sure to look for EPA’s Energy Star logo. Computers and monitors participating in the Energy Star program have special energy-saving features.